import numpy
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import pycbc.coordinates as co
from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import Axes3D
from pycbc import distributions
# We can choose any bounds between 0 and pi for this distribution but in units
# of pi so we use between 0 and 1.
theta_low = 0.
theta_high = 1.
# Units of pi for the bounds of the azimuthal angle which goes from 0 to 2 pi.
phi_low = 0.
phi_high = 2.
# Create a distribution object from distributions.py
# Here we are using the Uniform Solid Angle function which takes
# theta = polar_bounds(theta_lower_bound to a theta_upper_bound), and then
# phi = azimuthal_bound(phi_lower_bound to a phi_upper_bound).
uniform_solid_angle_distribution = distributions.UniformSolidAngle(
polar_bounds=(theta_low,theta_high),
azimuthal_bounds=(phi_low,phi_high))
# Now we can take a random variable sample from that distribution.
# In this case we want 50000 samples.
solid_angle_samples = uniform_solid_angle_distribution.rvs(size=10000)
# Make a spin 1 magnitude since solid angle is only 2 dimensions and we need a
# 3rd dimension for a 3D plot that we make later on.
spin_mag = numpy.ndarray(shape=(10000), dtype=float)
for i in range(0,10000):
spin_mag[i] = 1.
# Use pycbc.coordinates as co. Use spherical_to_cartesian function to
# convert from spherical polar coordinates to cartesian coordinates.
spinx, spiny, spinz = co.spherical_to_cartesian(spin_mag,
solid_angle_samples['phi'],
solid_angle_samples['theta'])
# Plot the spherical distribution of spins to make sure that we
# distributed across the surface of a sphere.
fig = plt.figure(figsize=(10,10))
ax = fig.add_subplot(111, projection='3d')
ax.scatter(spinx, spiny, spinz, s=1)
ax.set_xlabel('Spin X Axis')
ax.set_ylabel('Spin Y Axis')
ax.set_zlabel('Spin Z Axis')
plt.show()